Ernest Miller Hemingway (1899-1961) was a novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. He was part of the 1920s expatriate community in Paris, and one of the veterans of World War I later known as â??the Lost Generation. â?� He received the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 for The Old Man and the Sea (1952), and the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. Hemingwayacirc;??s distinctive writing style is characterized by economy and understatement, and had a significant influence on the development of twentieth-century fiction writing. His protagonists are typically stoical men who exhibit an ideal described as acirc;??grace under pressure. acirc;?� Many of his works are now considered classics of American literature. His works include#58; The Torrents of Spring (1926), The Sun Also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), To Have and Have Not (1937), For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940) and Across the River and Into the Trees (1950).